Your Guide on How to Groom Pets

Whether you own a cat or a dog, grooming is a vital aspect of pet care.  But why does your pet need grooming?  And do you know how to groom pets?  Keep reading to learn what you need to know about this important topic!

Why Should You Groom Your Pet?

There are many reasons why grooming is essential. Let’s go over some of those reasons right now.

  • Prevents Matting - Neglecting to groom your pet allows your animal’s fur to get matted. American Humane says, “Dirt and oils can accumulate under mats and cause painful skin infections.” And if you let this issue get way out of hand, the mats will make it difficult for your pet to perform normal functions, like walking and eating.
  • Reduces Hairballs - If you are tired of finding your cat’s hairballs all over your home, you will be happy to know that grooming can help. Brushing removes excess hair from your cat’s coat, meaning your kitty won’t be coughing up as many hairballs.
  • Controls Shedding - Do you find fur all over your furniture? Grooming your pet on a regular basis will catch loose hairs before they fall off your furry friend, which helps to control how much your pet sheds.
  • Strengthens Your Relationship - Grooming your pet gives the two of you the opportunity to spend quality time together. Each session should be an enjoyable experience for both of you.
  • Improves Appearance - The end result of grooming is a gorgeous coat that makes your fur baby look even more beautiful. com says that brushing, “helps distribute the natural oils in your dog’s fur and skin, keeping their coat healthy and looking its best.”
  • Reveals Potential Health Concerns - Grooming gives you the chance to check your pet for suspicious lumps that may be a cause for concern. You can also be on the lookout for wounds, ticks, and fleas.    

After reading the list above, are you more motivated to add grooming to your to-do list?  Then you need to read the next section of this post.  It will teach you how to brush your pet. 

Brushing Your Pet

Dogs and cats require regular brushing, but the frequency depends on how long your pet’s coat is.

  • Long Coat - Long coats demand daily grooming sessions.
  • Medium Coat - This coat length also requires daily grooming.
  • Short Hair - This coat length only needs about 1-2 grooming sessions per week.

If you aren’t sure how often to groom your pet, consult your veterinarian.

How to Groom Cats

First, we are going to explain how to groom cats.  If you have a dog, skip ahead to the next section.

Choose the Right Brushes

Before you can start grooming your kitty, you need to get the right tools.  Many cat coats can be maintained with a dual-sided brush. 

This type of brush has soft bristles on one side and finer bristles on the other.  The finer bristles are used to work through tangles.

Cats with long coats might require a different type of brush, such as a moulting comb.

This de-shedding brush is perfect for cats with sensitive fur and can even be used on thick-coats.  This brush is comfortable for your feline and makes it easy for you to get rid of excess fur.

Cat Brushing Steps  

If your cat is new to brushing, the goal is to make your kitty realize how enjoyable it can be.  Follow these steps on how to groom cats:

  • Choose the Right Spot - Groom your cat wherever your pet can get comfy and make sure that location allows you to get the job done easily.
  • Target Your Cat’s Favorite Places - Get each grooming session started off right by brushing the body parts you normally pet.
  • Work Your Way Towards Other Areas - Once your cat is really enjoying being brushed, gradually move the brush towards other parts of the body. Be very careful when grooming near the belly, staying alert to signs of your cat getting ready to bite or scratch you.
  • Be Patient - If your cat does show signs of aggravation, don’t keep trying to brush the areas that are triggering that negative reaction. Instead, wait until the next grooming session. Getting your cat used to the feeling of being brushed takes time.
  • Build Positive Associations - When your cat is being good, reward your kitty with treats during the grooming session. This will cause your cat to think of brushing as a pleasurable experience, making your feline willing to cooperate the next time you bring out the grooming brushes.

How to Groom Dogs

In this section, we are going to explain how to groom dogs. 

Best Grooming Brushes for Dogs

You have a few different options when it comes to the type of brush to purchase for your dog.  Your canine’s coat should determine the one you choose.

  • Pin Brush - This is an excellent choice for long-haired coats that tend to get tangled.
  • Rubber Brush - This is a better option for short-haired dogs with coats that don’t need as much detangling.
  • Bristle Brush - This is another good choice for short-haired dogs.
  • Slicker Brush - Consider using this brush if your dog has a wiry coat.
  • De-shedding Brush - This is a great brush to use if the change in seasons causes your furry friend to itch and scratch. This brush removes extra fur while providing much-needed relief.

Dog Grooming Steps  

With the right tools in hand, you are ready to start brushing your pup.  Here are a few pointers that will teach you how to groom dogs:

  • Follow the direction of the fur. Never brush against the coat’s natural growth.
  • Don’t be rough. Use a gentle hand, especially if you come across tangles.
  • If you find mats, use a coat conditioner or an anti-mat product. After applying the product and leaving it in your dog’s coat for a few moments, take a wide-toothed comb and untangle the mat.  Be careful to avoid hurting your dog and don’t pull too hard.
  • If you come across tangles you just can’t undo, make an appointment with a professional dog groomer.

Now that you know how to groom pets, are you ready to tackle this task?  After reading this blog post, you should be!

After all, it’s not really that hard.  And it will strengthen the bond you have with your four-legged friend.


Dogs 101: Brushing Your Dog. (n.d.). From 101: Brushing Your Dog

Grooming Your Pet. (2016, August 25). From American Humane:

Rigley, C. (2017, December 06). Tips for Brushing Your Cat and Why You Should. From Preventive Vet:



Kristina Tyler is a full-time freelance writer who specializes in pet care topics.  With her life-long love of animals and passion for learning, she thoroughly enjoys researching and writing about how to care for pets.  In her spare time, she teaches Sunday School classes, creates hand drawn pictures of animals, and devours the latest books by her favorite authors.  She lives in California with her adorable kitty named Chloe and attends classes at the local community college.    



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